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Ammonia Cracking: Opening the Global Hydrogrn Energy Market

Ammonia cracking is a process that converts ammonia on a large scale into hydrogen gas. While green hydrogen is an abundant and versatile clean energy source, its properties, such as high volatility and low density, make hydrogen transportation challenging and costly. One economically viable method is to convert hydrogen gas into ammonia(NH3) for transportation, with subsequent release when needed. This release process can be achieved through ammonia cracking (decomposition) to produce hydrogen.

Efficient ammonia cracking technology is essential for achieving global decarbonization. By bridging gaps in the production chain, clean energy can be transported from regions with a surplus of renewable energy to areas with limited resources, facilitating the achievement of global green energy transition goals.

Lack of Cost-effective Green Hydrogen

Currently, green hydrogen production still faces challenges such as high production costs, a lack of dedicated infrastructure, and significant energy losses during the production process. Among these, the electricity cost in the process of electrolytic hydrogen production accounts for 75% to 85% of the total cost, and the price of electricity directly determines the economic viability of green hydrogen.

Expensive Hydrogen Energy
Both electrolysis and steam reforming are the two primary processes for extracting hydrogen, and they are very costly. This is the primary reason why hydrogen has not been widely adopted on a global scale.
Challenges in Storage
One of the characteristics of hydrogen is its low density. This means that it must be compressed into a liquid and stored at lower temperatures to ensure its efficiency and effectiveness as an energy source.
It’s Not the Safest Energy Source
Hydrogen is a highly flammable and volatile substance. Unlike gases, hydrogen lacks an odor, making it nearly impossible to detect leaks. To detect leaks, sensors must be installed.
Difficult to Transport
Due to its lightweight nature, transporting hydrogen is a challenging task.When considering the bulk transportation of hydrogen, it poses challenges, which is why hydrogen is primarily transported in small quantities.

The Catalyst for the Hydrogen Era

Hydrogen is a clean fuel and energy carrier that plays a significant role in the future of sustainable energy. Hydrogen finds various applications as a raw material and fuel in the chemical industry. It is used in refining, ammonia production, methanol production, fertilizer production, food and pharmaceutical manufacturing, metal production, and low-carbon steel manufacturing. It is also used as fuel for fuel cell power generation and is poised to be a sustainable fuel for power generation in the construction and transportation sectors in the future.

Ammonia, as a hydrogen carrier, has garnered attention for its ability to safely transport and store hydrogen over long distances in large quantities. Ammonia cracking is a process that converts ammonia into hydrogen on a large scale, and it is an indispensable technology for extracting ammonia’s hydrogen component, playing a crucial role in building the hydrogen development supply chain. The development and commercialization of ammonia cracking systems will contribute to a sustainable, carbon-neutral world and usher in the era of large-scale hydrogen energy.